When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It Properly

We cover the basics of wrapping a brisket and discuss when, how, and if you should wrap it.
Jeremy Bivens
Jeremy Bivens
Research Writer
Jeremy Bivens is a passionate writer and grilling enthusiast. He's been working as a freelance journalist for over 15 years now and has a particular interest in food writing read more
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Bruce Williams
Bruce Williams
Expert Consultant
Claims that grilling is the art that he has been learning all his life long and is not planning to stop. Has been grilling for as long as he can remember. Author of numerous read more
Last updated: September 03, 2023
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Brisket is a very complicated meat part to smoke at home unless you’ve tried it a few times and have finally mastered the whole process.

The making of the brisket takes some patience and time. One of the main dilemmas people face when preparing the meat is whether to wrap it and whether it should be unwrapped.

Knowing when to wrap brisket before grilling is a matter of your preferences, the brisket size, and the smoking temperature. However, in any case, the real benefit of wrapping is that it locks in the meat’s natural juices and helps you get a more tender brisket.

And if you’ve decided to wrap your brisket before smoking, asides from the technical benefits, you have to think about using a nontoxic material or using the wrap in a way that the toxins in the wrap will not get into the brisket.

Why You Might Need to Wrap a Brisket

There are a few situations that necessitate brisket wrapping and there are three considerations to think about before wrapping your brisket.

1. The Brisket Size

When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It ProperlyThe calculation on brisket size is pretty simple. A small brisket cooks faster than one that is large. But cooking at the same time, larger briskets will have the capacity to hold the juices longer than smaller slices.

The main reasons for wrapping will be to keep liquids from drying out, you may need to wrap a small piece of brisket before cooking.

A piece of 7-pound brisket can be prepared to be wrapped in 3 cooking hours while a 15-pound brisket cooks up to 6 hours before requiring wrapping.

2. The Smoker’s Temperature

Your smoker’s temperature can also affect the time the brisket needs to be wrapped. At a low mperature, it cooks slowly and takes more time to prepare for wrapping.

But when the grill is at about the higher end of your temperature range, around 275 degrees, then it will dry the brisket juice faster and, as a result, cause a premature need for wrapping.

In any case, an entry-level smoker should be fine. You can also make use of a smoker grill combo too if that’s what you have. But keep the temperature in check with a thermometer.When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It Properly

3. Your Preference

There is no principle in smoking. Pitmasters follow whatever they find that works, regardless of whether it’s the meat or the cooking time based on flexible temperatures.

However, we don’t all have the patience. You can use a temperature of around 155 degrees Fahrenheit. Although the faster path looks more fascinating, you have to be patient with the brisket so you can enjoy it in its best tastes.


  • Wrapping helps lock in the flavor
  • Wrapping the brisket tenderizes the meat
  • It prevents the meat from drying out
  • Limits the risk of over-smoking
  • Cuts down cooking time
  • Helps hold the heat for several hours


  • Much of the smoke doesn’t get to the meat
  • Some wrapping materials are toxic
  • Wrapping limits bark

Wrapped vs Unwrapped

To wrap or not to wrap the brisket: there are usually two main choices that you can follow when smoking the brisket. It’s either you wrap or you smoke it bare.

Since the two approaches have a difference in the result, you need to understand the fundamentals as well as how they independently affect the meal.

To Wrap

A lot of people are keen to smoke the brisket wrapped up. This technique however, has its share of advantages.

The very first thing you get in wrapped briskets is tenderness. Also, the meat will be filled with juice and moisture. Although it doesn’t taste as bare brisket, there’s still a smoky taste in it. To get some smokey taste, you can choose to start smoking naked and then wrap it along the way. What’s more? It also comes out in a gorgeous color.

Meanwhile, if you would like to enhance the color, smokiness, and the appearance, it is possible to partly wrap the brisket.

The next major goal is to break through a stall that is the cooking time once the meat’s inside temperature stops rising when the moisture from the surface of the meat is totally evaporated.

By wrapping the meat halfway, you can reduce its cooking time without complexity.When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It Properly

Not to Wrap

The best way to smoke is on a low heat. And the best way to add spices and have a great result (the taste and the bark) is without wrapping. But if the meat is stiff, this will take you a long time to smoke it to a tender texture if it’s naked and unwrapped.

It’s been found that unwrapped brisket can take about 15% longer to finish cooking than wrapped brisket. However, the sad thing is that because of the lengthened period, the meat can even drain up the moisture. And this could lead to a dry brisket in the end.

Plus, there are a lot of unmissable perks of smoking the meat bare as well. Because it has no surface wrapping, you are giving the meat optimal exposure to heat as well as the smoke. This will increase the flavor. Also, the color of the bark is great because the heat has a direct impact on the meat.

Therefore, if you are anxious to get past the danger of drying the brisket out, the priority would be to get a smoky, crispy, and robust flavor and then choose to smoke in naked form. Moreover, by incorporating the sauce or the rub, you can also add an artificial taste to the cured meat.

What to Use to Wrap a Brisket

If you’ve decided to wrap your brisket, you should know that there are different ways to wrap it.

So, technically we have two main choices used to wrap the brisket.

Aluminum foil or Texas Crutch wrapping

When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It ProperlyAluminum foil wrapping involves the use of an aluminum alloy. It’s a type of foil that is used in the kitchen for packaging.

It makes up a kind of miniature oven for your brisket. It does not allow the changes in temperature to affect the brisket. In addition, the transparency allows the brisket to cook.

The main benefit of using aluminum foil is in its stability. However, if you still want to use it, seperate it from the meat with a baking or sandwich paper. This way, you can take advantage of the foil’s stable properties while not having the health risks.

Butcher paper wrapping

When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It ProperlyButcher paper is the standard packaging in which you wrap the meat in pinkish kraft paper. It’s used by butchers. In primary education, this paper is also used for art and craft. It is also called peach wrapping paper and is made from 100% sterile, food-grade virgin pulp.

It offers almost all the benefits of wrapping with foil and more. However, you don’t need to give up that smoky taste or the bark color. This helps the meat breathe, an advantage that is not present in foil wrapping.

How to Wrap

Next, we are going to show you the different ways to wrap your briskets. We will see how to wrap it in butcher paper and how to wrap it in aluminum foil. We’ll start with the aluminum foil method.

How to wrap in a heavy-duty aluminum foilWhen to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It Properly

  1. Get some heavy-duty aluminum foil. One of the best heavy-duty aluminum foils which many pitmasters recommend is the Kingsford Extra Wide Aluminum Foil. Very wide, this foil measures 100 square feet and it is strong and designed for heavy-duty use in grilling or roasting.
  2. You can also use your regular-size aluminum foil – it doesn’t matter. But if using the latter, you might have to double it up though. Meanwhile, if you have heavy-duty aluminum foil, it helps a lot because you’ll only need one layer of it.
  3. The first step is to unroll it. Make sure you unroll enough foil that can cover the entire piece of brisket that you’re doing.
  4. Then take your brisket out of the pit. We always recommend that you cook the meat halfway before deciding to wrap it. You should wrap the meat when it’s about 165 degrees internally. This is the perfect wrap temperature.
  5. And all you’re going to do is put it in the middle layer of the foil because you want it to catch all the juices. So you wouldn’t want to put it on an edge for example.
  6. If you doubled up on this aluminum foil, you shouldn’t put it on an edge because the juices would seep through the foil and you can’t do it this way. If you try to fold up the edges that way, then it wouldn’t create a sort of bowl at the bottom to catch all the juices as they’re coming out.
  7. So, as the meat is centered in the layer of foil, you are going to roll the excess foil that is not holding the meat over the meat. This helps to catch all the juices and create a bowl.
  8. Next, as you roll the excess foil over the meat, tuck it in and you will see that there is a top piece.
  9. What’s next to do is take another length of aluminum foil. Set the previously wrapped brisket down on the center of the new length of foil. This is where you can wrap it tightly. Pull the foil over. Pull it taut while pushing the bottom layer underneath the brisket to hold everything in place. And there you go, you have a tightly wrapped brisket in heavy aluminum foil.
  10. That way, it can go back on the smoker.

Using a regular foilWhen to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It Properly

  1. To wrap the brisket in just regular aluminum foil, take out your regular size aluminum foil, and take a length of it out. The aluminum sheet should be long enough to be doubled while wrapping the meat well.
  2. Get the two sheets to overlap. Take out the brisket. Put it as close to one of the side edges of the foil as you can.
  3. Wrap it over the meat till it’s taut so the juices are not going to seep out anywhere. If any part of the meat is exposed, it doesn’t matter. Just use another layer of foil to wrap it over so none of the juices are going to get out.

How to wrap the brisket in butcher’s paper

  1. Next, we are going to see how to wrap in butcher’s paper. Wrapping in butcher’s paper lets a bit of the steam out of the wrap package. It preserves the bark more, which is why we like to wrap the brisket in particular with butcher’s paper.
  2. One of the best butcher’s papers according to user reviews on Amazon is the Pink Kraft Butcher Paper Roll. Measuring 18 Inches by 175 Feet (2100 Inches), this paper roll has been used by tens of thousands of pitmasters. It’s food-grade, unbleached, uncoated, and unwaxed.
  3. Take a long sheet of the paper. It’s always a good idea to get a larger sheet size. But most of the time, the smaller paper is what people have to work with as it’s the most common.
  4. Take the brisket out of the grill and place it near the end of the roll of paper. Wrap the one end of the paper with the brisket partly wrapped in it into a triangular end. Then fold the end of the wrap over the meat. That way, you will get the created so you can trap the juice of the meat while it’s smoking.
  5. You have to do something a little bit different in this case because the butcher’s paper is usually a little bit smaller as mentioned. Flip the brisket over so you can get that bowl created on the side too with an extra piece of paper. Wrap it into a pizza shape. If you want to, you can add another layer of butcher’s paper but it’s not necessary.
  6. Fold it over and put it back in the smoker.

Guide to Cooking a Wrapped Brisket

Below are some easiest ways to cook a brisket wrapped either in butcher’s paper, or in aluminum foil.

When Wrapped with Butcher’s Paper

When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It ProperlyYou can use butcher paper to maintain the bark and the flavor profile of the brisket which you must have prepared over the last ten or twelve hours.

When your brisket gets to around two or three hours from being done, just pull it out of the pit. Then wrap it in aluminum foil or butcher’s paper.

Use two 18 inches wide (about 1.6 feet long) pieces of pink butcher paper or foil. Next, you’re going to overlay the brisket and fold the wrap tight on the meat to keep the juices in.

Once you get the brisket wrapped, get it back on the pit to finish smoking. You then need to cook anywhere from 1 to 3 more hours wrapped up in the pit.

When you’re using the paper, you’ll know it’s done cooking when the butcher paper is drenched. This way, you will know that the fat has rendered out and the brisket is near done.

At this point, you can pick up the brisket and feel the floppiness which will tell you if that brisket is done or not. You could also use your temperature probe to determine your desired finish temperature which is typical, for most people, around 195 to 203 degrees.

When Wrapped in Aluminum Foil

When to Wrap a Brisket and How to Do It ProperlyWrapping in aluminum foil requires care as the material has neurotoxins. Food prepared in a foil of aluminum has higher aluminum content than foods that don’t go through this type of foil during cooking. It’s recommended not to wrap until the brisket has been smoked up to 165 degrees Fahrenheit and only use high-quality foil wraps.

The right brisket marinade can protect against harmful substances such as polycyclic hydrocarbons and HAA.

A marinade made from antioxidant spices like thyme, rosemary, and sage, as well as olive oil, lemon, and garlic can protect your food from oxidation when grilling.

To inhibit HAA formation, scientists examine a lot of marinade ingredients. They checked out their protective effects. They found that onions, garlic, rosemary and grape seed extract were able to reduce HAA formation.

This worked best with a marinade made from ginger, garlic, thyme, and rosemary. They can reduce HAA formation by an impressive 74 percent.

Final Thoughts

We mentioned at the beginning of the article, a brisket sometimes requires a lot of patience and time to smoke. However, if you feel like giving it a try at home, be sure to wrap it at the right time and temperature, if you choose wrapping it in any way. Our introduced strategies and guides can help you with a well-made brisket.

Now you know when to wrap brisket, the advantages of doing that, the disadvantages, and the health risks. The thought of using aluminum foil shouldn’t give you worries. All you need to do is protect the meat with marinade. If this is is still a concern for you, you can decide to wrap it in butcher’s paper, which is made from a natural material and lets the meat breathe.

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